E-ISSN 2757-9204

Journal of Education and Research in Nursing

Journal of Education and Research in Nursing
Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Scale for Measuring Well-Being of Children in Lockdown [J Educ Res Nurs]
J Educ Res Nurs. 2024; 21(1): 20-28 | DOI: 10.14744/jern.2023.34202

Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Scale for Measuring Well-Being of Children in Lockdown

Dilek Demir Kösem1, Şenay Demir2, Murat Bektaş3, İlknur Bektaş3, Naiara Berasategi4
1Department of Nursing, Hakkari University Faculty of Health Sciences, Hakkari, Türkiye
2Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Selçuk University Faculty of Health Sciences, Konya, Türkiye
3Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Nursing, İnciraltı, İzmir, Türkiye
4Department of Didactics and School Organisation, University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain

Background: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, millions of people, including children, have been confined to their homes to maintain social distance. It would be beneficial to evaluate the well-being of children from a holistic perspective under the difficult conditions experi-enced during that period.

Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Well-Being of Children in Lockdown Scale (WCLS).

Methods: This methodological, descriptive, correlational study was conducted with 406 parents with children aged 3–14 years between January 2022 and April 2022. Study data were collected with a sociodemographic data collection form and the WCLS using the online survey technique. Factor analysis, Cronbach’s alpha, and item-total score analysis were used in the evaluation of the data.

Results: It was determined that the scale consisted of 22 items and six dimensions and that six dimensions explained 61.02% of the total variance. In both exploratory and confirmatory
factor analysis (CFA), it was determined that all factor loads were >0.30. In the CFA, all of the fit indices were found to be >0.85, and the root mean square errors of approximate was <0.080. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was found as 0.89 for the total scale and >0.70 for all of the dimensions.

Conclusion: As a result of the analyses and evaluations conducted in this study, it was found that the WCLS was a valid and reliable measurement tool for the Turkish sample. The Scale for Measuring Well-being of Children in Lockdown can help evaluate the well-being of children during lockdown holistically, considering physical, mental, and social aspects, and facilitates the timely performance of interventions.

Keywords: Child, covid-19, lockdown, reliability, validity, well-being

Dilek Demir Kösem, Şenay Demir, Murat Bektaş, İlknur Bektaş, Naiara Berasategi. Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Scale for Measuring Well-Being of Children in Lockdown. J Educ Res Nurs. 2024; 21(1): 20-28

Corresponding Author: Dilek Demir Kösem
Manuscript Language: English


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Journal Citation Indicator: 0.18
CiteScore: 1.1
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SCImago Journal Rank: 0.348

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