E-ISSN 2757-9204

Journal of Education and Research in Nursing

Journal of Education and Research in Nursing
Investigation of Fear of COVID-19 and Attitudes toward COVID-19 Vaccine among Individuals Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery [J Educ Res Nurs]
J Educ Res Nurs. 2024; 21(1): 43-49 | DOI: 10.14744/jern.2023.02134

Investigation of Fear of COVID-19 and Attitudes toward COVID-19 Vaccine among Individuals Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Aylin Özakgül1, Özkan Sir2, Ebubekir Kaplan1, Hatice Kaya1
1Department of Fundamentals of Nursing, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Republic of Turkey Ministry of Health Van Training and Research Hospital, Van, Türkiye

Background: Individuals who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery experience fear about the possibility of contacting the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19), in addition to their current situation after surgery. The level of fear is a determining factor in the attitudes of individuals toward vaccination.

Aim: The study aims to investigate the fear of COVID-19 and attitudes toward the COVID-19 vaccine among individuals undergoing CABG surgery.

Methods: The study was carried out with 152 followed up individuals who applied to the cardiovascular surgery outpatient unit of a training and research hospital between March 2021 and June 2021 as part of their follow-up appointments. Data were collected using the Fear of COVID-19 Scale and the Attitude toward the COVID-19 Vaccination Scale. Descriptive, parametric (one-way analysis of variance), and nonparametric (Mann–Whitney U and Spearman Correlation) tests were used to analyze the study results.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 60.39 ± 5.71, 56.6% were male, and 67.8% were illiterate. It was determined they had a moderate fear of COVID-19, and their positive attitude toward the COVID-19 vaccine was above average. A high level of fear was determined among individuals with a history of COVID-19 (40.1%) and who are also considering getting vaccinated (76.3%); however, 23.7% of individuals undergoing CABG surgery did not consider getting the COVID-19 vaccine.

Conclusion: In the study, individuals had a moderate fear of COVID-19. Individuals who have undergone CABG surgery in the high-risk group and their relatives should be provided with education and counseling on the individual and social positive effects of the COVID-19 vac-cine. Multicenter studies with larger samples are recommended for attitudes toward the COVID-19 vaccine among individuals undergoing CABG surgery.

Keywords: Coronary artery bypass surgery, coronavirus disease of 2019 vaccines, Coronavirus disease of 2019, nursing

Aylin Özakgül, Özkan Sir, Ebubekir Kaplan, Hatice Kaya. Investigation of Fear of COVID-19 and Attitudes toward COVID-19 Vaccine among Individuals Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery. J Educ Res Nurs. 2024; 21(1): 43-49

Corresponding Author: Aylin Özakgül
Manuscript Language: English


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