Journal of Education and
Research in Nursing
Research Article

Physical Examination Skills Used by Nursing Students and Determination the Barriers Encountered in the Use of These Skills


Department of Nursing Fundamentals, Akdeniz University School of Nursing, Antalya, Turkey


Department of Internal Medicine Nursing, Akdeniz University School of Nursing, Antalya, Turkey

Journal of Education and Research in Nursing 2021; 18: 335-340
DOI: 10.5152/jern.2021.67944
Read: 154 Downloads: 67 Published: 30 September 2021

Aim: This paper investigated nursing students’ physical examination skills and barriers preventing them from putting those skills into practice.

Methods: The sample consisted of 98 intern nursing students at the Faculty of Nursing of Akdeniz University. Data were collected using a demographic characteristic questionnaire, the Barriers to Nurses’ Use of Physical Assessment Scale (BNUPAS), and the Physical Examination Skills Inventory. The study was approved by an ethics committee. Institutional permission was obtained.

Results: Participants (66 women and 32 men) had a mean age of 22.3 ± 1.09. Thirty-six participants did clinical practice in surgical units and 34 in internal units. They used the physical examination skills of “inspection and palpation of the head region (71.4%)” and “evaluation for conjunctivitis and jaundice (65.3%)” once or twice during their clinical practice. They had high BNUPAS “lack of time and interruptions” (3.25 ± 0.81) and “ward culture” (2.92 ± 0.67) subscale scores.

Conclusion: Nursing students mostly do not put their physical examination skills into practice as part of their daily patient assessment. Ward culture and lack of time prevent them from using their physical examination skills.

EISSN 2757-9204